Gasket,flange gasket,used in flange connection,simplified connection of equipment,plays a sealing role,and the material is soft.It is generally non-standard.
Gaskets are commonly produced by cutting from sheet materials,such as gasket paper,rubber,silicone,metal,cork,felt,neoprene,nitrile
rubber,fiberglass,or a plastic polymer(such as polychlorotrifluoroethylene).
Gaskets for specific applications may contain asbestos.It is usually desirable that the gasket be made from a material that is to some degree yielding such that it is able to deform and tightly fills the space it is designed for,including any slight irregularities.Many gaskets require an application of sealant directly to the gasket surface to function properly.
A gasket is a mechanical seal that fills the space between two objects,generally to prevent leakage between the two objects while under compression.Gaskets save money by allowing “less-than-perfect” mating surfaces on machine parts which can use a gasket to fill irregularities.
A washer is a thin plate (typically disk-shaped) with a hole (typically in the middle) that is normally used to distribute the load of a threaded fastener.Other uses are as a spacer,spring(belleville washer,wave washer),wear pad,preload indicating device,and locking device.Rubber or silicone washers may also be used to reduce vibration when fastening fans to computer cases.Usually washers have OD(outer diameter) about twice their ID(inner diameter).
Washers are usually metal or plastic.High quality capscrews require hardened steel washers to prevent the loss of pre-load to Brinelling after the torque is applied.Rubber or fiber gaskets used in taps to stop the flow of water are sometimes referred to colloquially as washers;while they may look similar,however,washers and gaskets are usually designed for different functions and made differently.Washers are also important for preventing galvanic corrosion,particularly by insulating steel screws from aluminum surfaces.
Washers are generally used between bolts and nuts.It mainly plays a fastening role,and it is a standard part.